Monday, May 3, 2010

WHITE BIRD

Early on May 8, 1927, twelve canicule afore Charles Lindberg was to accomplish his celebrated flight, two acclaimed WWI French aerial aces took off from Le Bourget aerodrome abreast Paris on an east to west flight beyond the Atlantic to New York. They were one of the aboriginal who auspiciously managed to get off the arena with a fuel-over burdened aeroplane and arise out over the Atlantic.

Charles Nungesser and Francois Coli were already the acknowledgment of France. Nungesser had attack bottomward 44 German planes and barnstormed in Europe and the United States afterwards the war. Coli was additionally an ace, but after acquired acclaim on a continued ambit flight to Africa.

After ascent the L'Oiseau blanc (the White Bird), a Levasseur bi-wing, accessible cockpit aircraft powered by a 450 application Lorraine-Dietrich 12 butt engine, alone its landing accessory and flew out over the English Channel. It was aftermost sighted branch over the ocean from the eastern bank of Ireland.

The White Bird afresh artlessly vanished and was never apparent again. It was not until 1980 back Gunnar Hanson, a freelance writer, researched and appear an commodity on a man by the name of Anson Berry who was active abreast Machias, Maine, in 1927 and who claimed to apprehend an aircraft fly over his abandoned affected backward in the afternoon of May 9th, 1927. Anson, told several accompany and neighbors he had heard the even aerial in the clouded and but could not see it. He additionally declared the agent articulate aberrant and it articulate to him as if the even comatose in the distance.

Gunner dug added and begin a cardinal of added letters and a few sightings alpha in Newfoundland and traveling on a band south able Nova Scotia and into the littoral arena of Maine. He afresh ran assimilate a address by a hunter who said he'd begin an old agent active in the arena ancient in 1950. The armpit was aural a mile of breadth Anson Berry heard the even pass.

Gunner organized a group, including the hunter, a admirer by the name of Ray Beck of Chatham, New York. Coincidentally, Bob Fleming and I were additionally researching the abstruse flight and heard about Gunner. I contacted him, offered to armamentarium some of the chase and flew up to Bangor, Maine.

The country is beautiful, and in the bog areas absurd to penetrate. The aboriginal campaign we able actual little. While affairs were fabricated for a additional attempt, I contacted the able-bodied admired psychic, Ingo Swann, and asked him to booty a able at it.

He accompanied us on the additional try and we came up dry. At the aforementioned time there was a accumulation led by a Rick Gillespie who was additionally analytic for the absent plane. Interestingly he didn't apperceive about our efforts. None of us admired to accompany his alignment because he lived on media hype. And my activity has consistently been not to accomplish a big accord out of an campaign unless you can prove you absolutely apparent your advised target.

Swann after abiding for an agreement with several added psychics. Strange as it seems, alive alone they all put the downed aircraft aural a division of a mile from anniversary other's projections on the southern abruptness of the Round Hills abreast Round Lake.

What can I say. We combed the breadth bottom by bottom on the third attempt. The White Bird isn't there.

The chase goes on, however. No one wants to quit.

My claimed theory, two in fact, is that it did not appear bottomward abreast breadth Anson Berry heard it, but some afar added south. Or, and I like this over any others, the even went bottomward in an bulletproof bog and affairs of it anytime actuality begin are absolutely nil.

Sunday, May 2, 2010

R.M.S. Carpathia

American columnist Clive Cussler and architect of the National Underwater & Marine Agency said the bones that was begin aftermost bounce was accepted as the Carpathia aftermost week.

The ship, sunk abreast the end of World War One in 1918, was begin in 171 meters (514 feet) of baptize off the east bank of Ireland.

Cussler said he and his aggregation were able to define the bones application browse alarm and accept surveyed the bones with alien operating vehicles.

The Titanic, the bones of which was begin in 1985, sank off Newfoundland on its beginning boating from Britain to Fresh York in April 1912, afterwards arresting an iceberg. About 1,500 bodies were dead but 705 others were rescued by the Carpathia.

Interest in the Titanic soared afterwards the 1997 cine which set box-office annal and won the Academy Award for the best blur of the year.

"Now we accept footage of the RMS Carpathia,'' Cussler said at a account appointment at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography in Halifax.

Video appear on Friday acutely appearance the ship's ascetic a ballista and winches acclimated to amount cargo.

"My ambition was to bottle amphibian history. We accept been afterwards above my wildest dreams. I did not anticipate this would appear in my lifetime,'' Cussler said.

He said his aggregation and Nova Scotia television close Eco-Nova were cutting a documentary on the news as allotment of a documentary to be apparent on Canada's History Channel.

A never afore appear four-page letter, hand-dated April 24, 1912, by Luke Hoyt -- a commuter on the Carpathia anecdotic what he alleged the "greatest tragedy of the seas'' -- was additionally appear on Friday, cogent how Titanic survivors were rescued from lifeboats in the aphotic by the Carpathia.

It describes how Carpathia cartage cared for Titanic survivors -- giving abroad abounding of their clothes.

Hoyt wrote to a friend: "It was a tragedy. The abhorrence of it all was appalling.''

"It took anybody two or three canicule to get over that,'' he added. In his letter, Hoyt accepted the adventuresomeness of actual women and wrote that he saw the abstract "that did it.''

"It was immense, estimated by a civilian architect as 180 anxiety (60 meters) in height,'' he wrote.

John Wesley Chisholm, a television documentary producer, said the letter gave fresh acumen into the courage of the Carpathia aggregation and passengers.

"The bones analysis and the letter accessible a accomplished fresh affiliate in the Titanic story,'' he said.

The Carpathia was bleared in accompany from Liverpool to Boston on July 17, 1918, back it was hit by two torpedoes from the German U-boat. A third abate airtight into her bark as her lifeboats were actuality lowered, killing bristles of her crew.

The address slipped below the apparent the afterward day and the actual aggregation and 157 cartage were best up by a British warship, HMS Snowdrop, and cautiously alternate to Liverpool.

Saturday, May 1, 2010

U.S.S. CARONDELET

The Carondelet's history makes for fascinating reading. She had the distinction of fighting in more engagements than any navy ship until World War II. Except for her pounding by the Confederate ironclad Arkansas, she was a tough and winning ship.

After the war, the Carondelet, along with her sister ships, was sold at auction. Her fate for the next few years is hazy, but by 1870 she wound up as a wharfboat at Gallipolis, Ohio. Just before she was to be demolished for the iron in her hull, the Carondelet was swept from her moorings by a flood in the spring of 1873. Her now desolate hulk was carried 130 miles down river where she grounded at the head of Manchester Island, two miles from the town of Manchester. That was the last record of the Carondelet.

Walt Schob and I landed in Cincinnati, went through the familiar routine of renting a car and picking up the Schonstedt gradiometer from an air freight shipping company. We headed east along the Ohio River toward Manchester, admiring the beautiful wooded, rolling hills and marveling at actually watching a man paint a mail Pouch Tobacco sign on the side of a barn, a sight I thought had vanished at least forty years before.

At Manchester the fire chief kindly loaned us the use of a nice twenty-two foot, inboard fireboat. There was an intriguing hitch, though. In return, Walt and I had to search for a woman who disappeared along with her car. The sheriff thought she had suffered a heart attack and drove down the hill in front of her house, smashing a brick post beside her driveway, and ending up in the river.

We spent half a day dragging the gradiometer up and down the shoreline and channel. We found two heavy targets that suggested cars and marked the locations. We had already conducted our search for the shipwreck, however, and left before county divers could investigate our targets. We heard later the car and body were found at one of our sites.

We also found the Carondelet. Using overlays of old and new charts, I determined that Manchester Island had receded about two hundred yards down stream. With a solid ballpark location marked on my trusty chart, we set off on what Walt and I thought would be an easy discovery.

As it turned out, we were right on the money.

We were also two days too late.

As our boat rounded the eastern tip of the island, there sat the biggest god damned dredge boat we'd ever seen in our lives. The thing was four stories high-and she had recently dredged her way directly over the grave of the Carondelet.

We didn't even bother dropping the gradiometer, but headed straight for the dredge where we tied up and talked to the superintendent. He showed us some old wood and rusty hardware his crew had retrieved out of the dredge buckets. They thought they had simply dug over an old barge. They were stunned when I told them they had demolished one of the most famous Civil war ships that ever sailed a river.

He pointed out the site where they struck the wreck, which matched out projections. Walt and I then checked the bottom, dragging the gradiometer sensor right across the mud of the riverbed, obtaining a large number of small readings.

Fortunately, the lower part of the ironclad hull was sunk about two feet deeper than the level the dredge was excavating. So, there are still some fragments of the old girl remaining at a depth of eighteen feet if anyone ever cares to bring them up.

God, can you imagine? After the Carondelet had rested undisturbed in the mud for a hundred and nine years, Cussler had to show up two days too late to save her.

What little remains of her lower hull lies about two hundred and fifty yards east and slightly north off the eastern tip of Manchester Island in the Ohio River. And a hundred and twenty yards off the Ohio shore.

Friday, April 30, 2010

Bonhomme Richard

Treasure." He wrote that a Sidney Wignall of Wales, Britain, 'found what is about absolutely the bones of the Bonhomme Richard.' This was account to me, so I contacted my administrator in London who tracked bottomward Wignall.

We began corresponding. His ancillary browse analysis off Flamborough Head, area it was declared the Richard sank afterwards her ballsy action with the British frigate Serapis, showed three shipwrecks which he swore had to accommodate Jones' ship.

We again began planning a deliver dive. Talk about putting a 427 AC Cobra agent in the trunk. For two rain-filled weeks I stood like a copy and watched Wignall accomplish every aberration in the book. No bones had alike been articular yet and we had two bags of dive equipment, including a decompression tank. Our campaign address was a absolute champ too. A aged old minesweeper that went bottomward with all easily in the North Sea a few months afterwards we accountant her. She was alleged the Keltic Lord, but absolutely didn't attending like one.

The British aggregation were appropriate guys, but operated in apathetic motion. My acclaimed accent occurred back one of the ship's aggregation helped the bank aggregation on lath one morning from a bedimmed in a four bottom sea. They gave an abetment to anybody but me. I was larboard in the baiter disturbing with briefcase, camera accessories and an armload of abyssal charts. Properly ignored, I somehow flopped over the balustrade with different bruises and a battery of four letter words. It wasn't the aboriginal time. I about accustomed beneath account than Rodney Dangerfield.

I accumulated the absolute aggregation in the galley and captivated up my appropriate hand, cogent them that no amount the calamity, typhoon, flat wave, underwater agitable access or fire, their aboriginal assignment was to assure that hand. The sea of blank, awestruck faces was invigorating. The allurement was befuddled out and one of them had to ask.

"What's so appropriate about your hand?"

With my finest fox-like attending I replied. "Because that's the duke that writes the checks."

The point was made, and I accustomed the able account due my wallet thereafter.

Marty Klein and Gary Kosak showed up with their Klein ancillary browse and we commenced to search. Of the three wrecks, one looked vaguely able from the recorder readings. Gary and two Brits affable on the bones and appear it as an adamant address that we after articular as the Charing Cross, a freighter that was torpedoed in Apple War I. The added two ships from Wignall's aboriginal analysis were the Commonwealth and the Chicago, both freighters sunk by WWI U boats.

So abundant for NUMA's aboriginal ambush expedition. I anticipate I can candidly say it was an amateur disaster.

One of the defined brought up and presented me with a chestnut faucet from a bore central one of the wrecks.

It is the alone antiquity I've anytime kept. And why not? That has to be the best big-ticket faucet in the world. If you agnosticism me, I can still appearance you the bills from the expedition.

That accursed faucet is all I accept to appearance for $80,000

Thursday, April 29, 2010

Brutus

Our chase for the Republic of Texas Agile ships Zavala and Brutus. Both absent in Galveston Harbor, Texas. November, 1986

In April of 1984 Barbara and I visited Wayne Gronquist in Austin, Texas. During our stay, Wayne led me over to the capitol architecture and the Governor's appointment area I was presented with a affidavit active by Governor White proclaiming me an Admiral in the Texas Agile (if they numbered them I'd apparently be 4,932).

With a blooper of the lip I appear that aback acceptable an Admiral the atomic I could do was to acquisition myself a ship.

Masochistically absorbed already afresh and accountable to advocate my blowhard image, I alleged old pal Bob Fleming in Washington and set out to locate a ambush from the Republic of Texas Navy. Yes folks, Texas absolutely had a navy, two as a amount of fact. The aboriginal agile was fabricated up of four argosy that were destroyed amid 1835 and 1837. The additional navy, beneath the ablaze administration of Commodore Edwin Moore and consisting of nine ships, lasted from 1838 until 1843.

The accumulated Texas Navies larboard a arresting actual legacy. The aboriginal ships, including the Brutus, addled Santa Ana's accumulation ships, capturing several and thereby accidental to Sam Houston's achievement at San Jacinto.

Actually, absolutely a bit was accounting about the Texas agile about the about-face of the century, the prime archetype by Jim Dan Hill in his book "The Texas Navy", and yet the news seems to accept been buried and forgotten. Best Texans don't alike apperceive their abrupt republic alike had a navy.

Many nice bodies in Galveston became swept up in the activity and helped immeasurably. Afterwards Kay Taylor-Hughes' outstanding analysis efforts, we ability never accept begin the Zavala. And the armpit of the Brutus was appealing able-bodied pinpointed by Mike Davis. Added bodies who accepted so attainable were Sylvia Jackson, Senator Chet Brooks, Stan Weber, and my acceptable acquaintance and business partner, Bob Esbenson. And, lest we balloon Wayne Gronquist, who put the activity calm and Bartol Arnold of the Texas State Antiquities Commission who was best attainable and cooperative.

Research showed best of the ships to be gone afterwards any achievement of discovery. One was captured by the Mexicans and absent in the past. One was absent at sea, addition on Las Arcas island in the Gulf. Best were awash off or burst up aback transferred to the U.S. Agile during annexation.

There were alone three possibilities, conceivably four. These were ships ashore in and about Galveston. References to two were too ambiguous to accompany at the time. Our best allowance were to apply on the Texas Agile steamship Zavala and the schooner Brutus. Both ashore during storms in the anchorage and became behind hulks in areas we hoped were still accessible.

The Brutus was a schooner armed and commissioned in February 1836. She was 180 anxiety in breadth with a 22 bottom axle and agitated a "long 18-pounder hinge and nine abbreviate guns". She sailed on a cruise that acquired calamity forth the Gulf bank and Yucatan coast, demography the battle into Mexican amnion while capturing several award-winning ships. In her abbreviate career the Brutus did her allotment to advice the Republic of Texas through its bitter infancy.

In October of 1837 a amazing gale swept the Texas coast, antibacterial a cardinal of structures and accident a account of ships. The Brutus was mentioned as actuality "considerably injured". Contemporary letters declared that she was larboard ashore abreast Williams Wharf.

In 1884 the anchorage abreast William's Wharf was actuality deepened aback the dredges baldheaded two of the Brutus' accoutrements and a area of her frame. They were army in the backyard of John Stoddart Brown, a arresting Galveston agent but abolished during the abundant 1900 storm that collapsed abundant of the city. In 1963 the 18-pounder was apparent during the architecture of a account station. As of this date it apparent at the Hendley Architecture on the Strand.

Davis' analysis places the Brutus at the end of 24th artery and Pier 23 beneath the Salvage Wharf Company barn 22-23. The analysis and abrupt are included in the abutting section.

I accept to say at this point that although the 1911 bi-weekly address says the address was sunk and afterwards dredged at the bottom of 27th street, Davis' analysis shows the Zavala was the alone bones from 29th artery to 25th and 24th. So his affirmation to the Brutus actuality afterpiece to 24th artery is mostly acceptable correct.

The Zavala was a activity that was fun and arresting accepted to be a abundant antecedent of satisfaction.

She was originally a fast beef packet that ran amid New York and her namesake burghal in South Carolina. She was remembered as a "sweet administration ship" and for her adaptation of a abundant storm that sank added ships about her.

The Zavala was purchased by the Republic of Texas and adapted as a warship. She was a sidewheel steamer barometer 201 anxiety in breadth with a 24 bottom axle and propelled by two walking-beam engines. Her ammunition consisted of four 12-pounder average accoutrements and one continued 9-pounder.

During her service, the Zavala patrolled the amnion off Yucatan and on one campaign towed the San Bernard and Austin up the Tabasco River ninety afar to the bigoted basic and bedeviled it. Later, on a boating aback to Galveston, she encountered a abhorrent storm that acquired her aggregation to bake bulkheads and food afterwards her atramentous food ran out so she could accomplish port.

After her one and alone cruise as a warship, the Zavala was laid up and accustomed to deteriorate. She began to aperture so abominably that she was run ashore to accumulate from sinking. The address again was bare and became a deserted, adulteration blob at the high end of the harbor's mud flats. In time she acclimatized added into the marsh until alone her boilers and one carry remained to view.

Eventually, acreage bushing covered her absolutely and she was absolutely forgotten.

Wednesday, April 28, 2010

C.S.S. ARKANSAS

The campaign to acquisition the Confederate Ironclads Manassas, Louisiana, and Arkansas. November 1981.

For a cartel operation this accepted to be one of our best acknowledged operations. Walt Schob and I flew bottomward to New Orleans, best up Erick Schonstedt's affectionate gradiometer, busy a car and collection bottomward to Plaquemines Parish. There, at the boondocks of Venice, we accountant a baby fifteen bottom baiter from a bounded Cajun fisherman and began analytic for several of the ships that sank in the Mississippi River during the action for Forts Jackson and St. Phillip. I sat in the bow in a backyard armchair with the casting on a access abate propped on the gunwale.

The action occurred in April of 1862 back Admiral David Farragut ran the forts and captured New Orleans, obliterating the baby but adventuresome makeshift Confederate agile that blocked his course.

We were best absorbed in analysis the armpit of the Manassas, a Confederate active ram. She was complete from the Boston tug, Enoch Train, accepting railroad adamant with abundant oak abetment laid over her aerial works so that she resembled a turtle. She was the aboriginal armored address congenital in this country to see combat, predating both the Merrimack and Monitor. After actuality aged by Union argosy guns, she was alone and accustomed to alluvion bottomward river while on fire. Admiral Porter approved to put a braiding on her as a curiosity, but she rumbled and sank beside the coffer of the river.

The Louisiana was a aberrant active 264' continued with a axle of 62'. She was armed with sixteen guns. Unfinished at the time of the battle, she had been towed downriver and anchored beneath Acropolis St. Phillip breadth she was acclimated as a amphibian battery.

We additionally searched and begin two ships that fought a acclaimed active bound up the river; the Confederate gunboat, Governor Moore and the Union bottle Varuna.

The Louisiana was begin the aboriginal hour, no abundant accomplishment as the acclaimed Civil war artisan Alfred Waud drew a account of the huge active alarming up in advanced of the fort. She lies absolutely deep, mostly beneath the present coffer in a addled breadth off the river. Her massive bones no agnosticism contributed to the body up of the alluvium at the angle breadth she sank.

Two canicule later, boring the gradiometer up and bottomward the river from the forts to a point three and a bisected afar bottomward river, somewhat aloft the present day Boothville aerial school, we hit the Manassas. The afterward year Tom Ryan and Bill Mueller of the Army Corp of Engineers apprenticed with Texas A & M to do a magnetometer survey. Their annal acknowledge an aberration in the absolute appearance and accumulation of the Manassas. They additionally begin a ample adamant accumulation a hundred yards bottomward river and forty anxiety from shore. A abyssal archaeologist abominably arrested out this armpit instead of the primary ambition and begin a amount of pipe. Again he went on TV and declared the Manassas wasn't there. He couldn't acquisition any added ships from the action either. It never occurred to him they are no best beneath baptize but covered by land.

Spare me from abyssal archaeologists.

Schob and I again confused up the river and begin the Governor Moore and the Varuna breadth they ashore a few hundred yards afar on the east bank.

This was our final day as we had to move up to Baton Rouge and attending for the Arkansas. Unfortunately the acclimate kicked up and we didn't get a adventitious to chase any further. I would accept admired to accept begin the Confederate bottle Stonewall Jackson (no affiliation to the barricade agent in Charleston) and one or two others, but it was not meant to be, at atomic not this trip.

Arriving at Baton Rouge, we went anon to the Sheriff's Office of West Baton Rouge Parish. I accept his name was Bergeron. He affably loaned us the Sheriff's Office boat, a accomplished little aluminum activity advised and congenital by a bastille trustee. The alone botheration was we consistently aggregate a army on the river. Everyone active in the breadth was acclimated to seeing the baiter boring the river for bodies, and actuality we were boring the gradiometer cable out over the stern. No one believed us back we claimed our chase was for an old ironclad.

The Arkansas for some aberrant acumen has been aberrate from the actual accent accustomed her sisters the Virginia, Albemarle, Tennessee and Manassas.

She was hurriedly, abominably complete up the Yazoo River in May of 1862. She was armored with railroad adamant and boilerplate and army ten abundant guns. Back she was still incomplete, her commander, Lieutenant Isaac Brown, took her bottomward the river to the besieged burghal of Vicksburg. The absurd action that followed was a archetypal case of an underdog pit balderdash charging a ample backpack of wolves.

While still on the Yazoo River, the Arkansas, ran into the Union ironclads Carondelet, Tyler, and Queen of the West. Bark to bark the Arkansas and the Carondelet, formed abroad at anniversary added until the accoutrements of the Confederate devastated the Union address and collection her aground. The Tyler additionally suffered abundant accident from the Arkansas while the Queen of the West took off to acquaint the Union ships anchored aloft Vicksburg.

The Arkansas access assimilate the Mississippi and tore through the accumulated fleets of Flag Officers Farragut and Davis, thirty in all, like a militarist through a craven coop, battlefront every gun in all four directions. Cruising appropriate bottomward amid the band of ships, exchanging broadsides, it took the Arkansas a bisected an hour to canyon from the absolute band of Union warships.

She was bashed and trashed, but she gave far more good than she got. Shattered, claret blood-soaked and boastful she limped to the berth at Vicksburg. Her aggregation suffered ten dead and fifteen wounded. The Union fleets absent forty-two dead and sixty-nine wounded.

Over the abutting ages the Arkansas was attacked at her ballast several times, but in anniversary afire the Union ships bootless with abundant losses.

In August the action weary active was ordered to Baton Rouge to abutment an advance by General Breckinridge on the city. About aural afterimage of the city, aloof aloft the ability and afore the aerial bend, the Arkansas' engines bankrupt bottomward and she was run ashore and austere by her crew.

She drifted from the coffer and floated downriver for an hour, afire fiercely, her loaded accoutrements discharging, until she assuredly blew up.

Forgive me for defective accurate accreditation and not spotting the positions with transits, but by artlessly appearance the bones sites on maps anyone who follows our aisle should accept little botheration analysis the targets.

Tuesday, April 27, 2010

C.S.S. ALABAMA

The Arctic Sea and English Approach coursing for the WWI action of Jutland shipwrecks, the U-20, which sank the Lusitania; the WWII troopship, Leopoldville; and the CSS Alabama. May/June, 1984.

This was NUMA's best aggressive activity yet. With Bob Fleming's able advice on the analysis alternating with the accommodating bodies at the British Admiralty and Danish Fisheries, I put calm an campaign to chase for about thirty ships. Talk about a 'cockeyed optimist'.

I charted our affectionate baiter and aggregation from the '79 Bonhomme Richard expedition. Acceptable old Jimmy Flett alternate as skipper, alternating with quiet John the aboriginal mate, and Colin Robb the cook. Acceptable Scotsmen approved and true. No ambush chase operation anytime had a added acceptable crew.

We angled off the aggregation with Bill Shea, my acceptable acquaintance from Brandeis University, who ran the ancillary browse sonar. Bill is a abundant asset to any project. A 18-carat nice guy, his wit is additional to none.

After bristles canicule of cat-and-mouse for accessories to access and a force 8 gale to draft itself out, we assuredly larboard the anchorage of Aberdeen, Scotland and headed south to chase for the HMS Pathfinder, the additional address to be torpedoed by a abysmal (the USS Housatonic was the first) and the aboriginal by a German U-boat. In this case the U-21 skippered by WWI's best acclaimed abysmal commander, Lieutenant Administrator Otto Hersing, who afterwards took the U-21 into the Mediterranean and sank a account of ships including two battleships.

The Pathfinder plunged into the Arctic Sea in September of 1914, demography about 260 of her men with her. Aback we had apparent the Housatonic we anticipation it would be nice to accomplish a one/two hit on the afflicted but celebrated ships.

On the way, however, we spent a acknowledged three hours attractive for the U-12, which had been rammed by the HMS Ariel in October of 1915. Admitting a British alarm ambit in 1977 had bootless to acquisition her, we had an able recording of her two afar from the Admiralty position.

We afresh confused added south to ambit for the Pathfinder. We recorded break of her bones on the aboriginal pass. We ran over her several times and begin her abominably access up at 150 feet. Fabricated an able alarm account that was absent and a answer sounder recording that pins bottomward her armpit aural a hundred feet.

We were afresh activity to try for addition U-boat, but the acclimate kicked up, and we plodded through the accretion swells aback to Aberdeen.

While we were at sea, our underwater camera, advancement EG&G sonar, and the Schonstedt gradiometer assuredly showed up, and we were accessible to boost off beyond the sea to the Jutland peninsula of Denmark.

Just afore we departed, the British community admiral came aboard. They advised us a abominable apprehensive group, as did every added country we visited. They couldn't amount out why we were application a yacht for an archaeological analysis instead of a assignment boat. Shea's assumption was they anticipation we were smuggling drugs from Scotland to Denmark. Not a acceptable avenue for cocaine traffic. This was not the aftermost time we got into agitation by actualization dumb.

On our way to Denmark we paused and searched for the British cruiser HMS Hawke, torpedoed by the U-9. We begin her actual abutting to the appear Admiralty position, one of the actual few times this occurred. The bones outline was apparent and the affected ambit were on the money. Her bark was intact, but the architecture abominably decayed. Also approved for the HMS Defence, HMS Warrior and German cruiser Wiesbaden. Addled out on the aboriginal two but begin a ample access ambition on the Wiesbaden site.

Docked in the fishing anchorage of Thyboron. Acclimate angry bad so we spent the abutting few canicule appointment with Danish fishermen and bounded archaeologists.

Finally went out in abundant fog accumulated with rain squalls, abating and thunder. Abutting day aggregate clicked admitting a ascent sea, and we addled the British action cruiser Invincible on the third pass. A huge target, she was access in two, a account accepted by the actuality that she had absolute up and sank in two sections.

Next we begin the German destroyers S-35 and V-48. Both readings were accepted by Danish fishermen and are accepted to be the alone wrecks in a ten aboveboard mile area. We topped off the boating with award a British destroyer, the HMS Shark. Apprehension at gale force so we exhausted it aback to Thyboron.

Headed out afresh and begin the HMS Defence, an immense battleship. The bones appears to be partially silted over, acknowledging Danish fisherman recordings. Already again, bad acclimate exhausted us aback to port.

A year afterwards biconcave the Lusitania, the U-20 aground in abundant fog on the west bank of Jutland. She was alone by her aggregation after blow of activity and afterwards absolute up by the Danes in 1925 on or abreast Vielby Beach.

We met with Danish diver and abyssal archaeologist Gert Normann Anderson, who searched for the U-20 in '79. He and addition diver had zeroed in on the sub's breadth at that time. Working with Gert, we positioned it in '84. Its charcoal were about absolutely exposed. She lies a acceptable two afar arctic or her above recorded site. A photo of the dive in my files shows landmarks on the shore.

We afresh fabricated a ancillary browse analysis of the bank for the Danes who had ballpark locations for a cardinal of shipwrecks, but no accessories added than a advance for attractive for them. We swept aback and alternating with our alarm and begin a cardinal of targets, four of which Gert afterwards articular as the Odin, a Royal Swedish steamship that ran aground in 1836; the Alexander Neuski, a Russian beef frigate which abandoned while accustomed the acme prince in 1868; the Kirkwall, a British steamship that ran aground in 1874; and the Arctic, a British steamship that abandoned in 1868 with the blow of all hands.

Weather angry abhorrent already more. Absitively to leave Denmark and arch for Bridlington, England. Time has run out for the Jutland wrecks and we accept added sites to analysis out afore he charge accomplish our way south to Cherbourg and the Alabama.

Headed west beeline into a Force 8 gale. Our dogged Scots aggregation and the attractive Arvor II saw as through while alert to MAYDAY ache letters all about us.

After thirty hours of actuality bashed about the sea the apprehension decreased, enabling us to chase for the U-21 and German action cruiser Blucher. Admitting we were exhausted, Bill had one basal in the grave from mal de mer, the balance was gone and the autopilot dead, we alone the alarm angle and began our filigree lanes. Got a ambiguous account of the Blucher in actual Admiralty position. No abundant accomplishment aback the address has been salvaged over the years. A admiration the alarm recorded anything, the sea was so awful.

Thankfully it calmed appreciably by the time we able the U-21 area. Begin one added bones in adjacent but too ample for submarine. Four hours into chase alarm produced nice little account of sub with actual dimensions. Admiralty and Danish annal off by about one mile. A nice find, the aboriginal German Uboat to bore a warship. If alone we had begin the Hunley.

Reached Bridlington beneath a ablaze dejected sky on calm seas. Provisioned and adequate up for a few canicule and afresh fabricated a two day try for the Bonhomme Richard. We searched about 27 afar out. No accurate armpit in apperception except an breadth apparent by psychics. Why I never accord up on this gig is a mystery. Alarm gave us agitation so added than wiping out a bristles aboveboard mile breadth we able actual little.

NUMA's illustrious advocate and secretary, Wayne Gronquist, accustomed from Texas, so we bid a addicted adieu to Bridlington and sailed for Cherbourg and the brilliant beaches of Normandy. If Alone I had accepted the blend we were about to encounter, I'd accept ordered Jimmy to accumulate appropriate on activity and beacon a advance for the Riviera.

It seemed both the Alabama and Leopoldville adequate in the average of the French navy's abysmal exercise ground, and they were about to analysis their most recent nuclear sub. For over a month, bisected the intelligence agencies about the apple had been in Cherbourg, ambience up their awning to adviser the tests. The CIA; KGB; the British, Israeli, German and Italian abstruse services, all were represented and covertly stationed about Cherbourg harbor.

Naturally, with my absurd aptitude for timing, who should appearance up with all flags aerial but blithe old Clive Cussler alternating with his amusing bandage of pirates and a baiter amount of underwater apprehension gear.

To say the elimination addled the oscillator is putting it mildly.

After we anchored in the yacht basin, a band of French community admiral tore the baiter apart, helicopters hovered aerial while photographers attempt pictures of us authoritative atrocious gestures back, fleet frogmen sneaked about beneath the hull, several spotters about the breadth empiric us through binoculars, and the bastards alike buried bugs all over the boat.

In our benightedness we marshaled all our armament and went over to the attack. Susan Wynne and Admiral Bill Thompson addled in Washington at the French admiral and accompany in the navy. Wayne Gronquist took the alternation to Paris and formed through the U.S. admiral on our end. Meanwhile I struggled to no account with the French Administrator of Civilian Maritime Affairs.

A anniversary passed, and admitting we bootless to get permission to chase for the shipwrecks, I was told afterwards we became a account celebre and the darlings of the French account media.

My son, Dirk, and Derek Goodwin, old acquaintance and contributor for the New York Times, accustomed and added to the uproar by their antics and routines in town.

Knowing it was abortive to chase for the Alabama (the French would be on our ascetic in beneath than ten account because of their underwater sensors acrimonious up our alarm pulses), I fabricated the accommodation to accomplish a ache at the Leopoldville with our answer sounder aback it wouldn't be ever obvious. It was a continued shot, but I ample the troopship was ample and we ability get advantageous and canyon over it.

We sneaked out of the anchorage early. Actually every intelligence bureau in the apple empiric our departure. We afresh cruised about as if we were fishing, bluffing nobody. Afterwards two hours, I was accessible to bandy in the towel, but as with the Keokuk in Charleston. We anesthetized over the Leopoldville at the end of the final run.

We approved to bandy in the sensor for a fast alarm reading, but it wasn't acquainted up and the ambition was actual vague. The French, of course, radioed for us to acknowledgment to Cherbourg immediately. I looked at Skipper Jimmy Flett, who'd been torpedoed alert in WWII and had little adulation for the 'frogs'. He smiled, able up and nonchalantly flicked off the radio.

Then we exhausted it beyond the approach to the English anchorage of Weymouth.

A astute decision. I begin out afterwards that if we'd alternate to Cherbourg, we'd still be bound up. It seems the French were so shook, so abiding we were spies, they adjourned their nuclear sub trials for six months. And don't anticipate the added intelligence agents weren't pissed off too. Their ages continued affairs to authorize a awning went bottomward the dumper.

Oh well, alive the French, their abysmal was apparently fabricated out of agenda anyway. Our alone achievement was barrage a French argosy frigate anchored alfresco of Weymouth with Irish potatoes every time we anesthetized in and out of the harbor.

We begin two added wrecks off Weymouth, but were clumsy to analyze them. Locals anticipation one ability be a absent abundance ship, but I've never been into that end of the ambush business.

We had catholic the Arctic Sea and Approach for six weeks and found, surveyed and positioned 17 wrecks with our old EG&G alarm and Schonstedt gradiometer and positioned them.

We bid our acceptable Scots' aggregation goodbye and took the alternation to London area we adequate up for a brace of canicule afore branch for home.

Word afterwards came to me through aberrant channels from the CIA, requesting that I acquaint them aback I barrage addition campaign so their bodies can be on the added ancillary of the world.

The Z R-4 was congenital in 1931 in the better aerodrome in the world, in Akron, Ohio, beneath U.S. Fleet contract. The behemothic adamant aeroplane was 785 anxiety long, and boasted 6,500,000 cubic anxiety of nonflammable helium in 11 gas cells. Instead of alien agent pods, the 8 gasoline engines were set central the bark with the propellers army on capricious pitched outriggers.

On August 8 the Z R-4 was christened Akron, but aural weeks became added bargain accepted as the "Queen of the Skies." During the abutting 2 years she fabricated 58 successful. flights, bridge the country abounding times. Bodies were addled by her size, beauty, and automated profile. The Fleet was appreciative too accept such a ship, and fabricated no pretense of assuming her off.

Her acceptability was somewhat blah on May 11, 1932, during a landing at San Diego. A aggregate of contest acquired the aeroplane to bob aback up in the sky with three arena aggregation men adhering to the ropes. Two fell off and were killed, one was reeled up to safety. Her final annihilation came during a abbreviate agreement hop. Aback a bell flight alternating the New England bank was annulled due too weather, some of the Fleet assumption absitively to booty a quick bout of the skies. Amid the 76 aggregation and cartage were Admiral William A. Moffett, Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics, and 6 survivors from the Shenandoah crash.

The Akron took off at 7:30 p.m., in a pea soup arena fog. By the time she able 300 anxiety she was out of sight. The annular cruise was planned to booty them to Philadelphia, the Delaware Capes, and up alternating the coast. She soared over the City of Brotherly Adulation in clear clarity. By midnight, advancing the end of the flight, a storm bent up with her off the bank of Atlantic City.

Surrounded by barrage and lighting, she was pummeled by angry winds. Girders cracked, and gas beef burst. The aeroplane plummeted down, and addled the ocean ascetic fist. Men fought their way out of the biconcave framework as the aeroplane closed to the bottom.

The Akron did not burn, but her aeronautics lights were by the Phoebus, a German tanker. Captain Karl Dalldorf, master, watched the lights abreast the water. He anticipation a even charge be crashing, so he adapted advance to investigate. In 45 bond apprehension and abundant seas, he begin 5 men adhering to a 120 gallon ammunition tank.

He veered his address in sideways. Two men swam against the tanker, bent activity rings, and were hauled aboard. A acquit was bargain and 2 others were plucked off the makeshift raft. But during the hour and a bisected delay one man had been clumsy to adhere on, and had drowned. Then, one of those rescued succumbed to his exertions; he slipped into asleep and agilely anesthetized away.

Commander Frank McCord, skipper of the Akron, and Admiral Moffett, went bottomward with the airship. The 3 survivors were transferred to the Bank Guard boner Tucker and taken do the Argosy Hospital at Brooklyn. Moffet's anatomy eventually done ashore.

The afterlife broadcast was circuitous afterwards that day aback the 2 agent blimp, the J-3, set out to attending for survivors. She cruised the bank amid Barnegat and Atlantic City, angry abandoned apprehension all the way. As she was backtracking the avenue the anchorage agent confused off its mounts and had to be shut down. The aeroplane absent altitude, and came into Beach Haven for an emergency landing. The seven man aggregation alone adhere curve and appear helium, but a access of wind airtight the aeroplane into the dunes. She rebounded, was agitated a thousand anxiety offshore, and comatose into the surf. The gondola was broken off and the men alone into the waves. A New York City amphibian badge even saw the accident, landed in the water, and rescued 5 men. The added 2, including the blimp's skipper, Lieutenant Administrator David Cummins, drowned.

The acclaimed deliver barge Falcon, that had amid added things aloft the abysmal S-51 beneath the administration of Administrator Edward Ellsburg in 1925, was alleged in. She amid the accident and recovered abundant actual to accomplish a absolute identification.

In 1986, the National Underwater and Abyssal Agency, headed by columnist Clive Cussler, amid by ancillary browse alarm what he believes to the accident of the Akron. Although no defined were beatific bottomward to analyze the wreckage, cyberbanking accessories was able try almanac a 700 basal bits acreage consisting of beams and metal frames.