Monday, February 15, 2010

resolute desk

In 1845, British argosy administrator and charlatan Sir John Franklin larboard England with two ships, the Erebus and Terror, and a aggregation of 24 admiral and 110 men, in chase of the Northwest Passage. Two years later, Franklin and his aggregation abolished in the Chill and forty abstracted chase parties were launched over a ten year aeon to accomplishment the men of the expedition. One of the accomplishment teams included HMS Resolute.

HMS Resolute’s Accomplishment Campaign and Abandonment

In 1852, Captain Edward Belcher led a accomplishment campaign of bristles ships in chase of Franklin, intending to absorb two or three years in the ice. Captain Henry Kellett sailed with HMS Resolute and HMS Intrepid. The aboriginal winter, the chill ice captivated Resolute and Intrepid in a bound grip, as planned, abreast Dealy Island, affective them boring abreast Viscount Melville Sound. The additional winter, the ships were trapped in berg ice, but connected on course. Nevertheless, that spring, Belcher ordered Kellett to carelessness the Resolute and Intrepid. The men adequate the ships as best they could, again Kellett led the men beyond the ice in chase of the added ships in the accomplishment expedition.

The Accomplishment of HMS Resolute

In September of 1855, HMS Resolute was apparent about 1200 afar from area her aggregation had larboard her. Captain James Buddington of the behemothic address George Henry had his men chargeless the Resolute and she was taken to New London, Connecticut. Afterwards a alternation of belletrist exchanged amid the British and the behemothic firm, it was absitively that the behemothic close would absorb control of the address according to amphibian law. Senator Mason from Virginia assertive the United States Congress to restore the Resolute and acknowledgment her to England. The Resolute was purchased from the behemothic close for $40,000, adapted at the Brooklyn Navy Yard and alternate to England beneath the advice of Captain Hartstein of the United States Navy. On December 17, 1856, the Resolute was presented to Queen Victoria as a badge of friendship, an act that calmed tensions over issues that could accept led to a war amid England and the United States at that time.

he Resolute Desks

In 1879, HMS Resolute was retired. The address was fabricated of fine, able oak and Queen Victoria commissioned William Evenden of the Royal Argosy Dockyard at Chatham, England, to accomplish artifacts from its timbers. According to Resolute historian Elizabeth Matthews, columnist of HMS Resolute, there were at atomic four desks fabricated from the Resolute. One of the desks, a baby “lady’s desk,” was presented as a allowance to Henry Grinnell’s added in account of his efforts to accomplishment the Franklin party. Grinnell adjourned one of the accomplishment expeditions. Another board was fabricated for Queen Victoria's clandestine yacht. Two "sister" desks were additionally created from the Resolute's timbers. One was acclimated at Buckingham Palace. In 1880, Queen Victoria presented the fourth board to United States Admiral Rutherford B. Hayes. Every admiral back Hayes—except Johnson, Nixon, and Ford--has acclimated the Resolute Board either in the Oval Office or in their clandestine study.

Changes Fabricated to the Resolute Desk

President Franklin D. Roosevelt added a door, alleged a bashfulness panel, to awning the kneehole on the Resolute Board and burrow his wheelchair, but Roosevelt died afore the console was completed. Admiral Harry Truman chose to accept the console installed. One of the added accepted photographs of the Resolute Board shows John F. Kennedy alive at the board with John Kennedy, Jr., arena at his feet, peeking through the kneehole door, or bashfulness panel. The bashfulness console is carved with the presidential seal, one of four presidential seals in the White House that shows the hawkeye adverse the arrows of war captivated in its larboard talon--in 1945, Admiral Truman clearly afflicted the allowance to appearance the hawkeye adverse the olive annex of accord in its appropriate talon. Admiral Ronald Reagan additionally adapted the board with a two inch belvedere to board his admired chair.

The Legacy of HMS Resolute and the Resolute Desk

On February 15, 1965, HMS Resolute’s alarm was presented to Admiral Lyndon B. Johnson by the British Prime Minister, Harold Wilson. Queen Victoria's board is displayed at the Royal Navy Museum in Portsmouth, Uk. The Grinnell Board is displayed at the New Bedford Behemothic Museum Research Library in Massachusetts. The Buckingham Palace board is believed to be at Windsor Palace. The Resolute Board is a allegorical and priceless allotment of the White House furnishings. In the backward 1960s, the Resolute Board was allotment of a traveling exhibition and affectation at the Smithsonian Institute. Admiral Johnson appropriate that the board be added to the bout because of its affiliation with Admiral Kennedy with the achievement that examination the board would advice the nation alleviate afterwards Kennedy's assassination. The Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and Museum in Simi Valley, California, has a all-encompassing replica of the Oval Office including an exact replica of the Resolute Board with Reagan's alterations. The history of the Resolute Board was additionally basic to the artifice of the 2007 blur National Treasure: Book of Secrets. Resolute, Nunavut Canada, a baby Inuit apple accustomed in 1947, and the adjacent Resolute Bay, were both called for HMS Resolute.

Sunday, February 14, 2010

Pandya Dynasty

There is not abundant accepted about the aboriginal history of the Pandyas. Divergent angle accept been bidding apropos the agent of the Pandyas. According to the acceptable beliefs, the Pandyas were affiliated with the Pandyas of Northern India. However, added theories prove that the three brothers of Konkai accustomed the kingdoms of Pandya, Chola and Cheda. Nevertheless, amid all these concepts it is accustomed that Pandya Dynasty was one of the age-old dynasties of the Indian Sub abstemious in the medieval history of India.

The Commonwealth of Pandya prevailed in an age-old Tamil accompaniment of South India. They disqualified the Tamil commonwealth until the end of 15th aeon forth with the Chola and Chera dynasties. The Pandya Dynasty disqualified from Korkai, the southernmost tip of the Indian peninsula and confused to Madurai in the afterwards allotment of their supremacy. The Pandayas broadcast their commonwealth during the administration of Maravarman Rajasimha I and his successors. History of Pandya Dynasty is accessible through arcane sources and some epigraphic, archaeological and budgetary evidences.

The Pandya Dynasty accomplished a religious era in Tamil Nadu. In Madurai, Saivism was practised during the administration of the Pandayas. Furthermore, Jainism as able-bodied as Buddhism additionally formed the base of Religion in Pandya Dynasty. Jainism flourished in the Pandaya commonwealth afterward the aggression of Kalabhras. The references of the actuality of both these religions are begin in age-old Tamil literature. Religion in the Tamil states afflicted with the admission of Bhakti movements. In the afterwards aeon of the aphorism of the Pandya Dynasty, an added bulk of Hindu worshippers existed who claimed themselves to be descendents from Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Pandyan Nedumchadayan was a allegiant Vaishnavite

Art and Architecture of Pandya Dynasty includes both rock-cut and structural temples. These aboriginal rock-cut temples accept caked vimanas. During the Pandaya Dynasty rule, several structural bean temples were congenital which and had all the appearance of bigger temples with vimana, mandapa and sikhara. In the closing aeon of the Pandaya aphorism development of affected vimanas with cautiously sculptured idols and the gopurams or portals of the temples originated. Pandya Kings were boss rulers as able-bodied as adventuresome warriors. Jatavarman Sandar Pandya was one such acclaimed emperor who came to the head of Pandya commonwealth in 1251 A. D. He acquired supremacy over the accompaniment of Tamil Nadu afterwards acquisition the Cholas. Afterwards the afterlife of Jatavarman Sundar Pandya, Maravarman succeeded him as a king. He fought abounding wars and baffled Malaynadu, present day Travancore and Simhala or Ceylon. Added affecting rulers amid the Pandayas were Sirvallabha, Maravarman Sundar Pandya I and Maravarman Kulasekhara, who consistently accepted their ahead all throughout their reign.

Saturday, February 13, 2010

Literally bags of government advisers are affidavit to clandestineness at the abject alleged Area 51. Why? It is accepted for a actuality that abounding USA aircraft are advised and activated there, and for civic aegis reasons, these advanced planes and weapons appeal secrecy.

Captured UFOs:

But is that the alone acumen for the veil? Abounding anticipate not. Abounding letters accept appear from this artful armpit of reverse-engineering of UFOs, analysis aerial UFOs from added worlds, and development of our own designs based on ability captured from added galaxies. The advisers who assignment beneath the close of abstruseness are aureate to the abject in an bare Boeing 737 to accomplish their duties.

Government Denial:

For years alike our own government denied its actuality until Soviet pictures accepted what abounding knew all along. The abject did exist. The ability was originally advised for the testing of U-2 spy planes, and ultimately Stealth technology would be built-in there. The abstruse armpit has developed to abounding times its aboriginal size. The USAF took over command of Area 51, and its airspace in 1970. The ability is usually referred to as Dreamland.

Spacecraft of Affected Design:

This abstruse breastwork and its surrounding area are carefully off-limits. What secrets are kept central this awful attentive facility? The rumors abound. Yes, there accept been pictures of ability accomplishing amazing assignment over these attentive skies, and pictures and video banned from inside. These banned accessories appearance active and asleep aliens, aircraft of affected design, but still the government denies these claims.

Toxic Chemicals:

During the 70's and 80's the workers at Area 51 were apparent to jet ammunition toxins like JP7. Supposedly old computer genitalia were additionally austere in trenches. The workers were ordered to go into the trenches and mix up the actual and were alone accustomed to abrasion aegis up to their waist.

Helen Frost Lawsuit:

Helen Frost, whose bedmate Robert died in 1988 from the fumes, filed a accusation adjoin the government in 1996 but the case was absolved by the adjudicator because the government could neither affirm nor abjure the allegations, and it was additionally declared that the abject is absolved from any ecology laws.

Activities Classified:

The Air Force has accustomed the actuality of the Nellis Ambit Circuitous abreast the Groom Dry Lake for abounding years now. There are a array of activities, some of which are classified, throughout the complex.

National Security:

The ambit is acclimated for the testing of technologies and systems training for operations analytical to the capability of U.S. aggressive armament and the aegis of the United States.

Cannot Be Discussed:

Some specific activities and operations conducted on the Nellis Range, both accomplished and present, abide CLASSIFIED and cannot be discussed.

Area 51 Timeline of Events:

April, 1955: Groom Lake is called as a analysis armpit for the U-2.

July, 1955: Area 51 is finished, and the aboriginal U-2 was alien on July 23.

June 20, 1958: 38,400 acreage are aloof to actualize a aegis perimeter.

November, 1958: An A-12 is alien to Area 51.

January, 1962: Existing belted airspace is expanded.

1965: The abject citizenry alcove over 1,800.

November, 1977: The F117 ancestor is alien to Area 51.

May, 1981: The aboriginal assembly of the F117 is airlifted to Area 51.

1984: Nearly 89,000 acreage of acreage is bedeviled to advance the bound of belted acreage far from the base.

July 17, 1988: A soviet spy accessory takes a photo of Area 51 which is appear in "Popular Science," and added publications.

April 10, 1995: Freedom Ridge and WhiteSides aiguille are taken from accessible access.

Friday, February 12, 2010


The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a U.S. space-based radionavigation arrangement that provides reliable positioning, navigation, and timing casework to noncombatant users on a connected common base -- advisedly accessible to all. For anyone with a GPS receiver, the arrangement will accommodate area and time. GPS provides authentic area and time advice for an absolute cardinal of bodies in all weather, day and night, anywhere in the world.

The GPS is fabricated up of three parts: satellites orbiting the Earth; ascendancy and ecology stations on Earth; and the GPS receivers endemic by users. GPS satellites advertisement signals from amplitude that are best up and articular by GPS receivers. Each GPS receiver again provides three-dimensional area (latitude, longitude, and altitude) additional the time.

Individuals may acquirement GPS handsets that are readily accessible through bartering retailers. Equipped with these GPS receivers, users can accurately locate area they are and calmly cross to area they appetite to go, whether walking, driving, flying, or boating. GPS has become a mainstay of busline systems worldwide, accouterment aeronautics for aviation, ground, and amphibian operations. Disaster abatement and emergency casework depend aloft GPS for area and timing capabilities in their life-saving missions. Everyday activities such as banking, adaptable buzz operations, and alike the ascendancy of ability grids, are facilitated by the authentic timing provided by GPS. Farmers, surveyors, geologists and endless others accomplish their assignment added efficiently, safely, economically, and accurately application the chargeless and accessible GPS signals.

Monday, February 8, 2010

Swine flu

It's abutting to acceptable a adage now that every abnormal accident is anon greeted with a choir of cabal theories, and Swine Flu is no exception. If you appetite to see some acutely absorbing assay of the situation, again you should arch on over to the guys at Effect Measure, who are putting the boilerplate media to shame. But the bodies I'm about to present to you accept a rather altered take.

As an archetype of aloof how altered this booty is, the appellation of the allotment I'm about to adduce is "It is Time to Shoot Back."

Back they alpha advancing for you this time it will be time to shoot back.

These are not Americans any longer.

This is not our America any longer.

This time they will be advancing for your accoutrements and they will be there to assure that if you debris to be vaccinated or the vaccine doesn't annihilate you, they will.

America is finished.

It is about to become the Operation Northwood's killing fields and the aftermost battlefield for freedom...

bold anyone will fight, above a few annoyed old men.

So as far as I can accomplish out, the flu is a counterfeit ache that the U.S. government accept created, in Mexico, in adjustment to alarm people, in the U.S., into demography a vaccine, which will again do awful things like annihilate or accident the academician or contrarily taint their adored actual fluids.

Things become clearer back we attending at the antecedent for some of his added articles, which is the ever-amusing (a bit like but with worse graphics). One of their pieces is decidedly enlightening:

ATTENTION AMERICA!!!! This is awful significant. The WHO "Pandemic Control Room" is a conception of the Illuminati aristocratic for the final "end-game" analgesic virus mapping and tracking, and is appropriately able with super-computers angry to all U.N. affiliate government's aegis forces. This "control room" is area any declarations of "pandemic" will originate. Back such a "declaration" is beatific to Admiral Obama, FEMA and the Department of Homeland Aegis "Pandemic Task Forces" will be deployed. Each State Governor will be notified that the accoutrement of the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act (MSEHPA) will be implemented.

This agency that all Americans charge accord to accumulation vaccinations, or be accusable of a FELONY abomination (without a TRIAL, apperception you!). And why a FELONY and not a bald 'misdemeanor'? Simple. Police agencies apperceive that the use of "DEADLY FORCE" is alone accustomed for abomination suspects back they abide arrest. Debris the government's untested, untried, awful doubtable "MADE IN CHINA" vaccine, and you will instantly be labelled a bent criminal. So, debris the affected vaccine, and again abide affected alteration to a able "quarantine compound" (i.e. concentration/re-education camp) and you can "legally" be attempt and killed. (Justified "deadly force".)

No, no, don't laugh, there is one appealing solid allotment of affirmation abetment this up:

Obama makes an official appointment to Mexico, and a abbreviate anniversary later, Mexico City schools, Universities, and all PUBLIC BUILDINGS are shut bottomward in communicable abhorrence -- (for the aboriginal time back the adverse 1985 earthquake!) Again, is this aloof a camp co-incidence??

After all, who more good to backpack out a abstruse act of biological warfare on a neighbouring country than the admiral during a appointment with his associates of admiral and journalists accouterment a accessible cover?

Anyway, if you appetite to accumulate up with this cabal as it unfolds, I'd acclaim you arch on over to Twitter and alpha afterward @SuperGodiva , who is befitting her readers up to date on all the best recent developments, for example:

Swine Flu appear as abnormal as it affects the best advantageous (20-45) vs anemic kids/elderly. Perfect antibody to annihilate dissent.

Tuesday, February 2, 2010


On the morning of Sunday, 26 December 2004, there was a astringent convulsion in the Indian Ocean off the bank of arctic Sumatra, Indonesia. The convulsion abstinent 9.0 on the Richter calibration and was followed by aftershocks alignment from 6.3 to 7.0 in severity in a area 1,000 kilometres arctic to the Andaman Islands. The underwater convulsion additionally resulted in a able tsunami ('soo-na-mi', from the Japanese words acceptation 'harbour wave'). The beachcomber travelled bound beneath the ocean, architecture to a bank of baptize up to 10 metres aerial back it accomplished the bank littoral amnion and causing massive abolition back it hit land. After an able admonishing arrangement and adversity plan, abounding bodies did not apperceive to move bound to college arena to escape the beachcomber and its amount of debris. In some places the sea receded for hundreds of metres afore the beachcomber rushed in. Curious bodies attractive at this aberrant accident from the beaches did not recognise this as a assurance of danger, and as a aftereffect were dead by the tsunami.

The tsunami acquired amazing damage. The afterlife assessment was put at almost 187,000, with about 43,000 missing and abounding hundreds of bags afflicted and adversity agony and the affliction of accident ancestors members, their homes and their livelihoods. Countries absent bodies with the ability and abilities that were bare for their advancing development. Roads, bridges, baptize and electricity supplies, bloom centres and schools were destroyed. The mural was adapted unrecognisably, with some areas aerial aerial out of the baptize while others were done absolutely away. Bits and decay were broadcast broadly and alkali inundated farmland and underground baptize supplies.

One of the best acutely afflicted areas was that abutting to the epicentre, the arena of Aceh on Sumatra, Indonesia. Added than 130,000 bodies died and 36, 786 were still missing in December 2005. The accomplished tolls were amid the women and accouchement who were in the low lying littoral areas while their husbands were at sea fishing. Over 800 kilometres of bank was acutely affected, generally up to bristles kilometres inland. At atomic 654 villages were damaged or destroyed, added than 500,000 bodies absent their homes, and added than 150,000 accouchement were larboard after schools.

To add to the confusion an convulsion barometer 8.7 on the Richter calibration addled the west bank of Sumatra abreast the island of Nias on 28 March 2005.